Geography teaches an understanding of places and environments. Through their work in geography, children develop their understanding about their local area and compare their life with the lives of people in other regions within the United Kingdom and across the world. Children learn how to read and interpret maps and develop their skills of researching, investigation, analysis and problem-solving. Through their growing knowledge and understanding of human geography, children gain an appreciation of life in other cultures. Geography teaching aims to motivate children to explore and discover the physical world around them and enables them to recognise the importance of sustainable development across the world for future generations.

In our school, the objectives for the teaching of geography are:

  • To enable children to gain knowledge and understanding of places in the world
  • To increase children’s knowledge of other cultures and, in doing so, teach a respect and understanding of what it means to be appositive citizen in a multi-cultural community
  • To allow children to learn graphic skills including how to use, read and interpret maps
  • To enable children to know and understand environmental problems which affect their own country and others around the world
  • To encourage in children a commitment to sustainable development and an appreciation of what ‘global citizenship’ means. This is linked to our whole-school approach to Global Learning
  • To develop in children a variety of skills such as enquiry, problem solving, computing, investigation and presentation (eg: presenting their conclusions in the most appropriate way)


During Key Stage 1, pupils investigate their local area and contrast with another area in the UK or abroad, finding out about the environment in both areas as well as developing their knowledge of the people who live there. They also begin to learn about the wider world. They carry out geographical enquiry inside and outside the classroom. By exploring geography in this way, children are encouraged to ask geographical questions about people, places and environments and use resources such as maps and photographs to develop their geographical skills and understanding.


During Key Stage 2, pupils build on their previous geographical knowledge and understanding by investigating a variety of people, places and environments within the United Kingdom and abroad and begin to make links between these different places. They discover how people can affect the environment and how people are affected by it. They carry out geographical enquiry inside about outside the classroom. In doing this, they ask geographical questions and use their developing geographical skills and resources such as atlases, aerial photographs and computing.

As a school, we are committed to teaching key geographical skills. In undertaking geographical enquiry, pupils should be taught to:

  • Ask geographical questions
  • Observe and record findings
  • Express their own views about people, places and environments respectfully
  • Communicate in a variety of ways

Whilst developing geographical skills, pupils should be taught to:

  • Use geographical vocabulary appropriate to their age group
  • Use field work skills
  • Use globes, maps and plans at a range of scales
  • Use secondary sources of information
  • Make maps and plans

In understanding place and pattern, pupils should be taught to:

  • Identify and describe what places are like and where they are
  • Recognise how and why places have developed and how they are changing
  • Recognise how places compare with others and how they are linked

In understanding the environment, pupils should be taught to:

  • Make observations about where key features are located in an environment
  • Recognise and explain patterns make by physical and human features
  • Recognise some physical and human processes and explain how these can cause change
  • Recognise changes in physical and human features over time
  • Investigate changes which can be proved and sustained.

During the key stage, pupils should be taught the knowledge, skills and understanding through the study of two localities:

  • Locality of the school
  • A locality elsewhere in the UK or overseas that has contrasting features with the local area

In their study of different localities, pupils should:

  • Study at a local scale
  • Compare their findings in one locality with another
  • Reflect on why an environment develops the way it has
  • Carry out fieldwork investigations outside the classroom

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